Anyone with dry hair needs the right care. But what helps? We have the best tips for brittle hair.
Dry hair: that's the cause
In the normal state, every single hair is closed. So it reflects the light and shines particularly beautifully, at the same time the inner hair core is protected. But especially in summer, the hair is heavily damaged: When swimming in the sea, for example, salt water swells the hair so that the scales stick out and the natural moisture evaporates. The salt crystals settle on the hair like small magnifying glass and intensify the effect of the sun. This triggers a reaction that corresponds to a chemical brightening at the hairdresser's.
Important: If you go out in the sun, you should take this into account: The best thing to do in the morning is to spray a UV protective spray into your hair while it is still damp. The application should be repeated in the event of strong exposure to the sun.
Dry hair is damaged, hair
A few days on the beach are of course not that bad. However, if you blow-dry your hair regularly, dye your hair or do not comb it gently enough, your hair is very strained - especially fine and long ones. Porous areas are created, sometimes even entire flakes are torn out, the hair looks leached and hangs flat. The result: split ends and hair breakage. Damaged hair can therefore be the direct result of dry hair.
The dryness of the hair can also be related to the hormonal balance: While the scalp often produces too much fat during puberty, production decreases during menopause. This can affect both fine and thick hair. And curls are almost always dry because the natural oil of the scalp doesn't slide down as well as it does on smooth strands.
Dry hair: shampoo, conditioners, care tips
Dry hair needs moisture-binding substances such as vegetable oils
(For example, coconut oil), waxes or urea that wrap around the entire hair like a nourishing film. There are now even special product lines that differentiate between dry and very dry hair. So that the hair can be combed well after washing, a conditioner should be applied and washed out. Wet hair is very delicate and easy to tear. If you don't comb your hair carefully, split ends can result.
Care products that do not need to be washed out are also advisable for dry hair. These include special care sprays
That makes the hair easier to comb and hair oils that are worked into the tips. But: Too much hair care can also be harmful.
Therefore: the right shampoo, a hair treatment OR a conditioner is a must and should be rinsed out thoroughly. An additional leave-in product is recommended after shampooing.Tip: Use a sulfate-free shampoo. These products do not contain any aggressive cleaning substances that could additionally dry out the hair.
Stressed hair: shampoo, conditioners, care tips
Cosmetic chemists assume that damaged hair can be the result of dry hair and is rather fine. This is why special active ingredients are required that can dock onto the porous areas and repair the damage with pinpoint accuracy. At the same time, the car must not be too rich, so that the hair is not weighed down too much and hangs flat after washing.
When buying the care products, therefore, make sure to use the shampoo and rinsing are especially suitable for damaged hair. These products contain repair substances that build up the hair from the inside. Nourishing ingredients such as oil, keratin and Panthenol help the hair to recover from stress. A conditioner seals the hair structure after shampooing and protects against environmental influences.
Care instructions: Stressed hair should be allowed to take a break from blow drying and straightening irons from time to time. If you don't want to do without a sleek look, you should conjure it up with a special gel, for curls you can cheat with a braided pigtail and beach spray. Simply braid a braid while it is wet - open after drying and enjoy curling.
Important: Do not use hair ties with metal. These strains the hair unnecessarily and can damage it. In addition, the hairstyle should be changed every day. So you can be sure that the hair is not stressed in the same place every day.
Is your hair dry and damaged? That is the right care now
The hair is brittle AND damaged? In this case, one should first concentrate on caring for the porous areas and use products for damaged hair. In the case of slight damage, you will see an improvement after about five applications, but depending on the condition of the hair, it can take longer. Then switch back to normal care for dry hair.
Hair in winter - do you need an extra dose of care?
Is it really necessary to change your hair care routine in winter? Yes, because, like the skin, the hair also needs care that adapts to the season. A hair oil is an ideal companion in winter: Take a drop several times a day (coconut oil or argan oil is also possible) rub into the palms of the hands and pour the oil into the tips and lengths. In this way, protruding hairs can also be tamed. The extra care has several positive effects: The hair does not dry out as much, and the coloration also lasts better.
Now we should treat the scalp to something!
And that doesn't just apply to anyone who is prone to dandruff. Blow-dryer heat, hot water, dry heating, air: the scalp can do a lot. In addition: normal shampoo cleans the hair, but does not care for the scalp. If it is tight, it is better to use special shampoos that specifically soothe and moisturize it. With acute itching, tinctures that are massaged into the skin and not rinsed out can help. Don't worry: as they are fully absorbed, there is no "oily hair!" Alarm.
Silicones - do we really need them in shampoo?
Your hair is limp even though you wash it regularly? Some shampoos contain the water-insoluble silicones that wrap around the hair every time it is washed, gradually weighing it down. You can avoid this "build-up" effect by using shampoos without or with water-soluble silicones. How do you find out whether and which exactly are in a product? You can recognize them in the list of ingredients by the endings “-cone” or “-Xian”. If there are silicones, check the Internet to see whether they are water-soluble.
Dry hair: the best home remedies
The best home remedies for dry hair are oils. Both the nutrient-rich olive oil and jojoba oil, almond oil, coconut oil or argan oil. The oils donate not only moisturizes and nourishing substances to the stressed hair, but also protect each individual hair.
A mask with coconut oil can be made by melting three tablespoons in a water bath. Stir a raw egg into the melted liquid and leave the finished treatment on your hair for about 30 minutes. Then rinse with lukewarm water and a mild shampoo.
An alternative hair mask can be made with dried hibiscus flowers. You can buy these in the tea shop. Put a handful in half a liter of boiling water and let it steep for 20 minutes. Then let the tea cool down and apply lukewarm to the hair. Massage in well, leave to work and rinse with water.
Caution: This should be avoided in grooming and styling
Regardless of whether it is fine or strong: after washing, the hair is around ten times more sensitive than before - so it should not be pulled when combing, even if you are in a hurry. A cold shower or a vinegar rinse ensures that the cuticle contracts and the hair are less sensitive. Heat is also harmful to the hair: That's why you shouldn't blow-dry it too hot or too often, but rather let it air-dry. Do not use a straightening iron every day, protect your hair from the sun with a hat or cloth or apply UV protection.
Hair breakage & Co. - what helps?
Special treatments in the hairdressing salon provide particularly intensive care. In the so-called "Ritual Kérathermie" by Kérastase (duration: 60 to 90 minutes, approx. 75 to 100 euros), for example, a mix of regenerating oils and artificial keratin (a hair component) is funneled into the hair and then with a straightening iron at 180 Degree sealed. The "Damage Remedy Hair & Scalp Renewal" from Aveda (Duration: 60 minutes, approx. 40 to 60 euros), on the other hand, brings a combination of quinoa proteins, Tamanu oil and essential oils in the hair and is said to increase the resistance to hair breakage by more than 70 percent.
With split ends, the hair is divided into triangular strands and twisted so loosely that the split tips can be cut off. This can also be done at home - but the hairdresser grades the hair so that it falls evenly. If you want to hide protruding hairs, it is best to warm a light styling emulsion (available in the drugstore) in your hands and gently stroke it over your head.